Bibliography on Indus Script

There has been a great interest in the Indus signs since its discovery in 1920s, thus a great range of literature came in to existence. All such material is of varied nature and definitely important for the students of Indus Civilization. It has been published in different countries, in variety of formats, admittedly it is not necessarily easy to obtain a reliable and a near complete list of it. Gregory L. Possehl’s effort to compile a comprehensive list was a good effort, he was obliged to Prof Harold Dibble of University of Pensylvania for technical assistance. Definitely the list provided in Asko Parpola’s deciphering the Indus Script was a mainstay. A subsequent list by Richard Meadow & J. Mark Kenoyer was also found valuable. Since there has much time elapsed and further works have come out discussing Indus script and the civilization that flourished in the Indus floodplains a need is felt to update the existing listing, thus comprehensive compilation is made available for this website.

It will be highly appropriate that any omissions in the present list is indicated, helping us in updating it further.

Kainat S Baloch







Management Board for Antiquities

   & Physical Heritage Government of Sindh




Aahana, Shashi P.,

  1. 1976. History and archaeology of India's contacts with other countries from earliest times to 300 BC. New Delhi.
  2. 1985. Pre-Harappan cultures of India and the Borderlands. New Delhi.
  3. Graffiti on pottery. In: Ghosh 1989a: 359.

Aalto, Pentti

1945                Notes on methods of decipherment of unknown writings and languages. Studia Orientalia, 11(4): 1-26.

1971               Marginal notes on the Meluhha problem. K. A. Nilakanta Sastri Felicitation Volume.
Madras: Prof. Nilakanta Sastri Felicitation Committee: 234-38.

1974               Deciphering the Indus script, methods and results. Anantaparam kilasabdasastram: ksiega pamiatkowa ku czci Eugeniusza Sluszkiewicza: 21-7.

1975                Indus script and Dravidian. Journal of the Epigraphical Society of India, 2: 16-31.

1984                Indus script and Dravidian. Studia Orientalia, 55: 411-26.

Abegg, Emil,

  1. Die Indusschrift entziffert? [Review of Hrozny 1939.] Neue Zurcher Zeitung, 29 September 1940: 1402.


aern", J., and A.H. Gardner,

1957                Hieratic Ostraca. Oxford: Printed for the Griffith Institute at the University Press by  Charles Batey.

Agrawal, D. P.

1982                The Archaeology of India. Copenhagen: Scandinavian Institute of Asian
                        Studies, Monograph Series No. 46.

2007                The Indus Civilization: An Interdisciplinary perspective. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.

  1. An integrated study of the copper-bronze technology in the light of chronological and ecological factors. (Ph.D. thesis, Banaras Hindu University.) Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay.

Agrawal, D. P. and Dilip K. Chakrabarti (eds.),

  1. Essays in Indian protohistory. (Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies, History and Archaeology Series, 5.) Delhi.

Agrawal, D. P. and A. Ghosh (eds.),

  1. Radiocarbon and Indian archaeology. Bombay.

Agrawala, R. C.,

  1. Indian copper anthropomorphs: a review. In: Gnoli and Lanciotti 1985: 1, 3-8.

Agrawala, V. S.,

  1. The presiding deity of childbirth amongst the ancient Jainas, with special reference to figures in the Mathura Museum. The Jaina Antiquary 2 (4): 75-9.
  2. 1963. India as known to Pdnini. 2nd edn. Varanasi.

1969                The deeds of Harsha (being a cultural study of Barn's Harshacharita). Redacted and edited by P. K. Agrawala. Varanasi.

1970                Ancient Indian folk cults. (Indian Civilisation Series, 7.) Varanasi.

1984a.             Varanasi seals and sealings. Edited with supplementary notes by Prithvi K. Agrawala. (Indian Gvilisation Series, 28.) Varanasi.

1984b.             Siva Mahddeva, the Great God (an exposition of the symbolism of Siva). 2nd edn. Varanasi.

Agrawala, Prithvi Kumar,

1976-77          Two Rupar seals showing symbo-strings.Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Art, 8: 45-7.

1978 A            unique Harappa sealing. Journal of the Numismatic Society of India, 40(1-2): 79-81.

  1. Skanda-Kdrttikeya: a study in the origin and development. (Monographs of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, 3.) Varanasi.
  2. 1984. Goddesses in ancient India. New Delhi.

Aiyappan, A.,

  1. Siva-seal of Mohenjo-daro. JRASB 5: 401-6.

Akerblad, J. D.,

  1. 1802. Lettre sur I'inscription egyptienne de Rosette, adressee au citoyen Silvestre de Sacy.

Al'bedil', M. F.,

  1. Tipy protoindijskikh nadpisej. In: Knorozov 1986: 36-68.

Al'bedil', M. F., B. Ya. Volchok and Yu. V. Knorozov,

  1. Issledovaniya protoindijskikh nadpisej. In: Zabytye sistemy pis'ma: Ostrov Paskhi, Velikoe Lyao, Indiya. Materialy po deshifrovke: 240-95. Moscow. [Russian version of Knorozov et al. 1981.]

Alcock, Leslie,

  1. Exploring Pakistan's past: the first year's work. Pakistan Quarterly 2 (1): 12-16.

Alden, John R.,

  1. Trade and politics in Proto-Elamite Iran. CA

23 (6): 613-40.

Alekseev, G. V.

1965                Characteristics of the Proto-Indian texts. In, G.V. Alekseev, et. al.,Preliminary Report on the Investigation of the Proto-Indian Texts. Moscow: Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R., Soviet Institute of Scientific and Technical Information, Institute of Ethnography: 6-10.

Alekseev, G. V., M. A. Probst, A. M. Kondratov, Yu. V. Knorozov, I. K. Fedorova, B. Ya. Volchok

1965                Preliminary Report on the Investigation of the Proto-Indian Texts. Moscow: Academyof Sciences U.S.S.R., Soviet Institute of Scientific and Technical Information, Institute of Ethnography.

[1965] 1976. The characteristics of the Proto-Indian script. In: Zide and Zvelebil 1976: 17-20 
                       ['commentary' by the translators: 20-2].

Alekseev, G. V., Yu. V. Knorozov, A. M. Kondratov and B. Ya. Volchok,

  1. Soviet studies on Harappan script. Trans­lated by Hem Chandra Pande, edited by Henry Field and Edith M. Laird. (Field Research Projects, Occasional Paper 6.) Coconut Grove, Fla. [Original text in Russian: Pred- varifelnoe 1965.]

Al-Gailani Werr, Lamia,

  1. Catalogue of the cylinder seals from Tell Suliemieh-Himrin. Sumer 38: 68-88.


Alkazi, Roshen,

  1. Ancient Indian costume. New Delhi.

Al Khalifa, Shaikha Haya Ali and Michael Rice (eds.),

  1.              Bahrain through the ages: the archaeology. London.

    Allan, John,
1936.              Catalogue of the coins of ancient India in the British Museum. London.

    Allchin, Bridget and Raymond

1982                The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge UniversityPress.

1993                Lewan: An Early Harappan manufacturing site in the Bannu Basin. In, Gregory L.Possehl, ed., Harappan Civilization: A recent perspective, 2nd edition. Delhi: Oxford& IBH and the American Institute of Indian Studies.

  1. The birth of Indian civilization: India and Pakistan before 500 BC. (Pelican Books, A 950.) Harmonds worth.

Allchin, Bridget (ed.),

  1. South Asian Archaeology 1981. (University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, 35.) Cam­bridge.

Allchin, F. R.,

  1. Neolithic cattle-keepers of South India: a study of the Deccan ashmounds. (University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, 9.) Cambridge.
  2. Archaeological and language-historical evidence for the movement of Indo-Aryan speaking peoples into South Asia. In: Ethnic problems 1981: 336-49.
  3. The interpretation of a seal from Chanhudaro and its significance for the religion of the Indus Civilization. SAA 1983: 369-84-

in press. On a Harappan stone statue of a urial ram that has recently turned up in the antique trade. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Moenjo-daro held at Karachi and Moenjo-daro on 24-27 February 1992. Karachi.

  • Indo-Aryan and Aryan: language, culture and ethnicity. Ancient Ceylon,10:

Allchin, F. R., B. Allchin, F. A. Durrani and M. F. Khan (eds.),

  1. Lewan and the Bannu basin: excavation and survey of sites and environments in North West Pakistan. (BAR Interna­tional Series, 310.) Oxford.

Allchin, F. R. and J. Robert Knox,

  1. Preliminary report on excavations at Lewan (1977-78). SAA 1979'. 241-4.


Allen, Albert Henry,

  1. The Vata-savitri-vrata, according to Hemadri and the Vratarka. J AOS 21 (2): 53-66.

Allen, Michael R.,

  1. 1986.  The cult of Kumari: virgin worship in Nepal. 2nd edn. Kathmandu.

Altekar, A. S.

1947               Symbols on the copper band in the Patna Museum. Journal of the Numismatic Societyof India, 9(2): 88-92.

Amiet, Pierre,

  1. Le symbolisme cosmique du repertoire animalier en Mesopotamie. RA 50: 125-6.

1966a.             Elam. Auvers-sur-Oise.

1966b.             II y a 5000 ans, les Elamites inventaient l'ecriture. Archeologia 12: 20-2.

  1. Glyptique susienne, 1—11. (Memoires de la Mission Archeologique en Iran, Mission de Susiane, 43.) Paris.
  2. Archaeological discontinuity and ethnic duality in Elam. Antiquity 53: 195-204.

1980a.             La Glyptique mesopotamienne archai'que. 2nd edn. Paris.

1980b.             Art of the ancient Near East. New York.

1986a.             L 'Age des echanges inter-iraniens 3500-1700 avantJ.-C. (Notes et Documents des Musees de France, 11.) Paris.

1986b.             Susa and the Dilmun culture. In: Al Khalifa and Rice 1986: 262-8.

1988                La vallee de l'lndus et le monde de l'lran. In: Les Cites oubliees de l'lndus: 194— 202.

1989a.             Elam and Bactria. In: Ligabue and Salvatori n.d.: 125-40.

1989b.             Antiquities of Bactria and Outer Iran in the Louvre collection. In: Ligabue and Salvatori n.d.: 159-80.

Ammer, Karl,

  1. Die L-Fornjen im Rgveda. WZKM 51 (1-2): 116-37.

Andersen, P. K,

  1. Word order typology and comparative constructions. (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science, IV: Current Issues in Lin­guistic Theory, 25.) Amsterdam.

Andersen, Johannes C.

1938               Discussion of: "The Proto-Indian Script and the Easter Island Tablets (A Critical Study)," by Alfred Metraux. Anthropos, 33: 218-39. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 47: 138-42.

Anderson, Bernard and John Correia-Afonso

1990                H. Heras: Indological Studies. New Delhi: Promilla & Co. in collaboration with theHeras Institute of Indian History and Culture.

Anderson, Bernard,

  1. Indus Valley Civilization: a bibliogra­phy 1954—1966. Indica 4 (2): 107-24.

Andre, B., and M. Salvini,
1989               Reflexions sur Puzur-Insusinak. Iranica Antiqua 24: 53-72.

Andronov, M. S.

1963               Dravidian languages. Archiv Orientalni, 31: 177-97.

1965               Lexicostatistic analysis of the chronology of disintegration of Proto-Dravidian. Indo-Iranian Journal, 7: 170-86.

Andronov, M. S.,

  1. The Brahui language. Moscow.

Andrews, Carol,

  1. The Rosetta stone. (British Museum Publications.) London.

Anfrecht, Theodor,

  1. Die Hymnen des Rigveda, MI. 2nd edn. Bonn.



1932a             Mohenjo-Daro ideographs. Nature, 130(3281), 17 September: 429

1932b            Undeciphered scripts. Nature, 130(3283), 1 October: 502.

1955               Indus seals discovered in Ahmedabad. Roop-Lekha, 26(1): 70-1.

1977               The Indus Valley and its script. Indie a, 14(2): 145-6.

1980               Indus script deciphered: new insights. Bulletin of the Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture, 31(2): 43.

Anquetil Duperron, Abraham-Hyacinthe,

  1. Zend-Avesta, ouvrage de Zoroastre, I—III. Paris.

Anrenche, Olivier, Jacques Evin and Francis Hours,

  1. 1987. Chronologies du Proche Orient / Chronologies in the Near East: relative chronologies and absolute chronology 16,000- 4,000 bp, i— (BAR International Series 379.) Oxford.

Anthony, David W.

1991                The archaeology of Indo-European origins. Journal of Indo-European Studies, 19 (3-4): 193-222.

Anthony, David W.,

  1. The 'Kurgan culture', Indo-Euro­pean origins, and the domestication of the horse: reconsideration. CA 27 (4): 291—313.
  •           Migration in archaeology: the baby and the bathwater. A A 92: 895-914.

1991                The archaeology of Indo-European origins. JIES 19 (3-4): 193-222-

Anthony, David W. and Bernard Wailes,

  1. [Review of Renfrew 1987.] CA 29 (3): 441—5.

Anttila, Raimo,

  1. 1972. An introduction to historical and compara­tive linguistics. New York.


Aravamuthan, T. G.

1942               Some Survivals of the Harappa Culture. Bombay: Karnatak Publishing House.

Arbman, Ernst,

  1. Rudra. Untersuchungen zum altindischen Glauben und Kultus. (Uppsala Universitets Arsskrift 1922: Filosofi, Sprakvetenskap och Historiska Vetenskaper, 2.) Uppsala.


Archana, (Ms),

n.d.                 The language of symbols: a project on South Indian ritual decorations of a semi-permanent nature. Madras.


Ardeleanu-Jansen, Alexandra

1983               Stone sculptures from Mohenjo-Daro. In, M. Jansen and G. Urban, eds., Reports onField Work Carried out at Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan 1982-83 by the IsMEO-AachenUniversity Mission: Interim Reports. Vol. 1. Aachen/Rome: RWTH/IsMEO: 139-57.

1991               The sculptural art of the Harappa culture. In, Michael Jansen, Maire Mulloy and Gunter Urban, eds., Forgotten Cities on the Indus: Early civilization in Pakistan from the 8th to the 2nd millennium B.C. Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern: 167-78.

Ardeleanu-Jansen, Alexandra,

  1. Stone sculptures from Mohenjo-Daro. In: Jansen and Urban 1984: 139-57.

1988                A short note on a steatite sculpture from Mohenjo-Daro. SAA 1985: 196-210.

  1. The sculptural art of the Harappa culture. In: Jansen et al. 1991: 166-78.

Arthur, W.B.
 1999               Complexity and the Economy. Science 284: 107-9.

Artola, George T.,

  1. The banner of Kamadeva and other topics of Sanskrit literature and Indian culture. (Monographs of the Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, University of Toronto, 3.) Bombay.


Ashfaque, Sayed M.

1977                Astronomy in the Indus Valley civilization. Centarus, 21(2): 149-93.

Asko Parpola, B. M. Pande and Petteri Koskikallio,

2008                3: New. material, untraced objects, and collections outside India and Pakistan, edited Part 1: Mohenjodaro and Harappa, in collaboration with Richard H. Meadow and Jonathan Mark Kenoyer, (Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae B 239-241.) Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.

Assisi, Francis

1980               Indus Valley script deciphered. India Abroad, June 13: 11.

Atre, Shubhangana Mukund

1983               Bad-imin: the union of Indus cities. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute, 42: 18-24.

1987               The Archetypical Mother: A Systematic Approach to Harappan Religion. Pune: Ravish Publishers.

Autram, C.

1925               UN probleme de paleolographie. L'Illustration, 4282: 289.

Ayyar, P. V. Jagadisa,

  1. South Indian customs. Madras.

Badam, G. L.,

  1. Domestication of animals. In: Ghosh 1989a: 1,i-5-

Bag, A. K.

1985               Science and Civilization in India: Harappan Period (c. 3000 B.C. — c. 1500 B.C.).New Delhi: Navrang.

Bailey, Sir Harold W.

  1. Iranian Arya- and Daha-. TPS 1959: 71-115.
  2. Mleccha-, Baldc, and Gadrosia. BSOAS 36 (3): 584-7.
  3. 1979. Dictionary of Khotan Saka. Cambridge.
  4. Maka. JRAS 1982 (1): 10-13.

1975                Indian 'Sindhu,' Iranian, 'Hindu.' Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 38(3): 610-11.

Baines, J.
2004               Theearliest Egyptian writing: development, context, purpose. In:
                       Houston, S. D. (Ed) The First Writing: Script Invention as History and
                       Process. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 150-189.

Baldi, Philip,

  1. Indo-European languages. In: Comrie 1987a: 31-67.

Ball, C. G.

1913               Chinese and Sumerian. London: Milford.

Balz-Cochois, Helgard,

  1. Inanna: Wesensbild und Kult einer unmutterlichen Gottin. (Studien zum Verstehen fremder Religionen, 4.) Gutersloh.

Banerjea, J. N.,

  1. The development of Hindu iconography. 2nd edn. Calcutta.

Banerji, S. C.,

  1. Tantra in Bengal. Calcutta.

Barbar, E. J. W.

1974               Achaeological Decipherment. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Barber, Elisabeth J. W.,

  1. Archaeological decipherment: a handbook. Princeton.

Barthel, Thomas S.

1978                The Eighth Land: The Polynesian discovery and settlement of Easter
           Island. Translatedby Annelise Martin. Honolulu: University Press of

  1. Grundlagen zur Entzifferung der Osterinselschrift. (University of Hamburg, Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiet der Auslandskunde, 64-B 36.) Hamburg.
  2. Rongorongo-Studien. Anthropos 58: 372-436.

1968                Writing systems [of South America and Mexico]. In: Sebeok 1968: iv, 275-301.

1969                Entzifferung friiher Schriftsysteme in Alt-Amerika und Polynesien. In: Frtihe  Schriftzeugnisse der Menschheit: 151-76. Gottingen.

  1. Pre-contact writing in Oceania. In: Sebeok 1971; vm, 1165-86.

1979                Eschatologie. Ein Beitrag zur Indo-Mexikanistik. Tribus 28: 83-122.

  1. Planetary series in ancient India and prehispanic Mexico: an analysis of their relations to each other. Tribus 30: 203-30.
  2. Von Mexico zum Indus. Tribus 33: 75-9.


Barth, F.
 1987              Cosmologies in the Making: A Generative Approach to Cultural Variation
                       in Inner New Guinea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bartholomae, Christian,

  1. Altiranisches Worterbuch. Stras- burg.


Barton, George A.

  •              The Origin and Development of Babylonian Writing. 2 Parts. Leipzig.

1914                Haverford Library Collection of Cuneiform Tablets or Documents from the
           TempleArchives of Telloh. Part III. Philadelphia: John C. Winston, Co.

1928a             On the so-called Sumero-Indian seals.American Schools of Oriental Research Annualfor 1926-1927, 8: 79-95.

1928b             The palaeographic affinities of the seals from Harappa and Mohen-jo-daro. All-IndiaOriental Conference, Session 5, Lahore: 217 (Title only).

1929                Whence came the Sumerians? Journal of the American Oriental Society, 49: 263-68.

1930                A comparative list of the signs in the so-called Indo-Sumerian seals. American Schoolsof Oriental Research Annual for 1928-1929, 10: 75-94.

1926-7 (1928).  On the so-called Sumero- Indian seals. AASOR 8:79-85.


Barua, B. M.

1946a              Indus script and the Tantric code. Indo-Iranica, 1: 15-21. Bhandarkar and P. K. Gode (eds.), Dr B. C. Law volume: 11, 461-7. Calcutta. Reprinted in: Indo-Iranica 1 (1946): 15-21.

1946b             Trends in ancient Indian history. Calcutta Review, 98(2): 79-93.

Basham, Arthur L.

1967                The Wonder That Was India. 3rd ed. New York: Taplinger Publishing Company.

Basham, A.L.,

  1. Recent work on the Indus Gvilization. BSOAS 13 (i):i4o-5.
  2. The wonder that was India: a survey of the culture of the Indian subcontinent before the coming of the Muslims. London.

(ed.), 1975.      A cultural history of India. Oxford.

Bauer, Hans,

  1. 1930. Entzifferung der Keilinschriften von Ras Shamra. Halle.
  2. 1932. Das Alphabet von Ras Shamra. Halle.

Beasley, H. G.

1936                The scripts of Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa and Easter Island. Man, 199: 144.

Bechert, Heinz (ed.),

  1. Die Sprache der altesten buddhistischen Uberlieferung. (Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissen- schaften in Gottingen, Philologisch-historische Klasse, 3rd series, 117.) Gottingen.

Bechert, Heinz and Georg von Simson (eds.),

  1. Einfuhrung in die Indologie: Stand, Methoden, Aufgaben. Darmstadt.

Beck, Brenda E. F.,

  1. The goddess and the demon: a local South Indian festival and its wider context. In: Biardeau 1981a: 83-136.

Beck, Horace C.,

  1. Etched carnelian beads. The Antiquaries Journal 13: 384-98.

Bedigian, Dorothea,

  1. Se-gis-i sesame or flax. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture 2: 159-78.

Begley, Vimala,

  1. From Iron Age to early historical in South Indian archaeology. In: Jacobson 1986a: 297-319.

Belcher, William R.,

  1. Fish resources in an early urban context at Harappa. In: Meadow 1992a: 107-20.


Bellwood, Peter

1985                Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago. New York: Academic Press.

Benedict, Paul K.,

  1. Sino-Tibetan: a conspectus. Cambridge.

Benediktov, A. A.

1954                On the question of the decipherment of the Proto-Indian script. Uchyonie ZapiskiiPedagogical Institute of Stalingrad, Filolog. Seriya, 5: 77-97. (Russian).

Benediktov, A. A.,

  1. K vopruso 0 rasshifrovke protoindijskoj pis'mennosti. Uchenye zapiski,  Filologicheskaya seriya 5: 77-97. Stalinabad.

Benveniste, Emile,

  1. Langues asianiques et mediterra- neennes. In: A. Meillet and M. Cohen (eds.), Les Langues du monde, 2nd edn: 183—225. Paris.
  2. 1973. Indo-European language and society. Coral Gables, Fla.

Benveniste, Emile and Louis Renou,

  1. Vrtra et vrdragna: etude de mythologie indo-iranienne. (Cahiers de la Societe Asiatique, 3.) Paris.

Berchem, Egon von,

  1. Siegel. (Bibliothek fur Kunst- und Antiquitatensammler, 11.) Berlin.
  2. Enigmatisches im Codex Vaticanus 3773: Kosmogramm

Bernal, Martin

1987                Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization; the fabrication of ancientGreece 1985-1985. Vol. I. London: Free Association Books.

  •            Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization; the
                    archaeologicala and Documentary evidence. H London: Free
                    Association Books.

Bergaigne, Abel,

  1. Vedic religion, i-iv. Translated by V. G. Paranjpe. Delhi.

                        Berger, Hermann,

  1. [Review of Parpola et al. 1969a and 1969b.] ZDMG 130 (2): 420-1.

1974                Das Yasin-Burushaski (Werchikwar): Grammatik, Texte, Worterbuch. (Neuindische  Studien, 3.) Wiesbaden.

                        in press. Die Burushaski-Sprache von Hunza und Nagir, 1: Grammatik.

Berlin, Heinrich,

  1. El glifo 'emblema' en las inscripciones mayas. Journal de la Societe des Americanistes  NS 47: hi—19.

Bernal, J. D.,

  1. Science in history, 1. (Pelican Book A 994.) Harmondsworth.

Bernhardt, Inez and Samuel Noah Kramer,

  1. 1960. Enki und Weltordnung. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Friedrich- Schiller-Universitdt Jena, Gesellschafts- und sprachwissen- schaftliche Reihe 9 (1—2): 231-56 and tables 1-18.

Bertholet, Alfred,

  1. Wortlanklang und Volksetymologie in ihrer Wirkung auf religiosen Glauben und  Brauch. (Abhand- lungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-hist. Klasse, 1940: 6.) Berlin.

Beyer, Dominique,

  1. Un nouveau temoin des relations entre Mari et le monde iranien au III™" millenaire.  Iranica Antiqua 24: 109-20.

Beyer, Stephen,

  1. The cult of Tar a. Berkeley.

Bhan, Kuldeep K,

  1. Late Harappan settlements of western India, with specific reference to Gujarat. In: Kenoyer 1989a: 219-42.

Bharati, Agehananda,

  1. The Tantric tradition. London.

Bhatia, P.,

  1. Coins. In: Ghosh 1989a: 1, 10-14.

Bhattacharya, Brindavan Chandra,

  1. Thejaina iconography. 2nd edn. Delhi.

Bhattacharya, S.,

  1. Linguistic convergence in the Dravido- Munda culture area. IJDL 4: 199-214.

Bhattacharyya, Asoke Kumar,

  1. Iconography of some minor deities in Jainism. IHQ_ 29 (4): 332-9.

Bhattacharyya, N. N.,

  1. History of the Sakta religion. Delhi.

1975                Ancient Indian rituals and their social contents. Delhi.

  1. 1977. The Indian mother goddess. 2nd edn. New Delhi.
  2. 1982. History of the Tantric religion (a historical, ritualistic and philosophical study). New Delhi.

Bhattacharyya, Tarakeshwar,

1953—5.         A forgotten chapter of the history of ancient Indian astronomy. Journal of the Ganganatha Jha Research Institute 11-12 (1—4): n—54.

Bhawe, Shrikrishna S.,

  1. Die Yajus' des Asvamedha. (Bonner Orientalistische Studien 25.) Stuttgart.

Bhattacharya, P. N.

1940                A Hoard of Silver Punch-Marked Coins from Purnea. Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India, 62.

Biardeau, Madeleine,

  1. Le sacrifice dans l'hindouisme. In: Biardeau and Malamoud 1976: 7-154.

(ed.), 1981a.    Autourde la deesse hindoue. (Purusartha, 5.) Paris.

1981b.             L'arbre samlet le buffle sacrificiel. In: Biardeau 1981a: 2I5-43-

1989a.             Histoires de poteaux: variations vediques autour de la deesse hindoue. (PEFEO 154.)  Paris.

1989b.             Brahmans and meat-eating gods. In: Hiltebeitel 1989: 19-33-

Biardeau, M. and Charles Malamoud,

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